History of the Month – April

Michelle Nguyen, Reporter

April 1st: 1748 Ruins of Pompeii rediscovered by Spaniard Rocque Joaquin de Alcubierre.

April 2nd: 1917 US President Woodrow Wilson asks Congress to declare war against Germany. 

April 3rd: 2016 Panama Papers is published, about 11.5 million confidential documents from offshore law firm Mossack Fonseca expose illegal activities including fraud, kleptocracy, tax evasion and the violation of international sanctions by the world’s largest ever data leak .

April 4th: 1975 Microsoft is founded as a partnership between Bill Gates and Paul Allen to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800.

April 5th: 1879 Chile declares war on Bolivia and Peru, starting the War of the Pacific.

April 6th: 1917 US declares war on Germany, US enters World War I.

April 7th: 1969 The Internet’s symbolic birth date, the publication of RFC 1. 

April 8th: 1913 Opening of China’s 1st parliament takes place in Peking or modern day Beijing.

April 9th: 2012 “The Lion King” becomes highest earning Broadway show, beating “The Phantom of the Opera”.

April 10th: 1953 “House of Wax” first colored 3-D movie, premieres in New York.

April 11th: 1868 The Shogunate was abolished in Japan. 

April 12th: 1980 US Olympic Committee endorses a boycott of the Moscow Olympic games. 

April 13th: 1742 George Frideric Handel’s oratorio “Messiah” performed for the 1st time at New Music Hall in Dublin.

April 14th: 1912 RMS Titanic, the world’s largest ocean liner, hits an iceberg at 11.40pm off Newfoundland, sinks in the early hours of 15 April. 

April 15th: 1912 RMS Titanic sinks at 2:27 AM off Newfoundland as the band plays on, with the loss of between 1,490 and 1,635 people. 

April 16th: 1900 US Post Office issues 1st books of postage stamps. 

April 17th: 2011 “Game of Thrones”, based on the fantasy novels by George R. R. Martin premieres on HBO. 

April 18th: 1775 Paul Revere and William Dawes ride from Charlestown to Lexington warning the “regulars are coming!”

April 19th: 1934 Shirley Temple appears in her 1st feature length film, “Stand Up & Cheer”.

April 20th: 1999 Columbine High School massacre: Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold kill 13 people and injure 24 others before committing suicide at Columbine High School, Colorado. 

April 21st: 1526 First Battle of Panipat: Central Asian conqueror Babur defeated Sultan Ibrahim Lodi, establishing the Mughal Empire in India.

April 22nd:  1993 Holocaust Memorial Museum dedicated in Washington, D.C.

April 23rd: 2016 Beyoncé releases her 6th album “Lemonade” with a 1 hour film on HBO.

April 24th: 1967 Vietnam War: American General William Westmoreland says in a news conference that the enemy had “gained support in the United States that gives him hope that he can win politically that which he cannot win militarily.”

April 25th: 1915 First landings at Gaba Tepe and Cape Helles on the Gallipoli Peninsula by ANZAC forces during WWI.

April 26th: 1478 Pazzi conspirators attack Lorenzo de’Medici and kill Giuliano de Medici in Florence.

April 27th: 2005 The superjumbo jet aircraft Airbus A380 makes its first flight from Toulouse, France.

April 28th: 1937 1st commercial flight across the Pacific operated by Pan Am.

April  29th: 1922 1st official International Weightlifting Federation Champ in Tallinn, Estonia.

April 30th: 1562 1st French colonists in North America: Jean Ribault & colonists arrive in Florida.