History of the Month – November

Michelle Nguyen, Reporter

November 1st: 1787- First free school in NYC (African Free School) opens. 


November 2nd: 2016 – Baseball World Series: Chicago Cubs beat Cleveland Indians, 8-7 in Game 7 at Progressive Field, Cleveland; first Cubs’ title in 108 years; MVP: Chicago utility Ben Zobrist.


November 3rd: 1911- Chevrolet officially enters the automobile market in competition with the Ford Model T.


November 4th: 2008 – Barack Obama becomes the first African-American to be elected President of the United States, defeating Republican candidate John McCain.


November 5th: 1985 – Parker Brothers launches the board game Monopoly. 


November 6th: 1978 – Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi places the country under military rule; General Gholām Reza Azhāri forms government. 


November 7th: 1492 – Ensisheim Meteorite strikes a wheat field near the village of Ensisheim in Alsace, France. Oldest meteorite with a known date of impact.


November 8th: 2005 – Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf is elected president of Liberia, the first woman to lead an African country. 


November 9th: 1858 – 1st performance of NY Symphony Orchestra. 


November 10th: 1969 – “Sesame Street” premieres on PBS TV. 


November 11th: 1807 – Washington Irving’s Salmagundi periodical published – first to associate the name “Gotham” with New York City. 


November 12th: 1890 – Mabel Loomis Todd publishes the first edition of “Poems by Emily Dickinson”.


November 13th: 1980 – US spacecraft Voyager 1 sends back 1st close-up pictures of Saturn during its fly-by. 


November 14th: 1908 – Albert Einstein presents his Quantum Theory of Light. 


November 15th: 1964 – Mickey Wright shoots a 62, lowest golf score for a woman pro at the Tall City Open, Midland, Texas.


November 16th: 2009 – “The Twilight Saga: New Moon”, based on the book by Stephenie Meyer, directed by Chris Weitz, starring Kristen Stewart and Robert Pattinson, premieres in Los Angeles. 


November 17th: 1800 – Congress holds its first session in Washington, D.C. in an incomplete Capitol Building. 


November 18th: 1993 – Black and white leaders in South Africa approve a new democratic constitution. 


November 19th: 1863 – US President Abraham Lincoln delivers his Gettysburg address, famously beginning with “Four score and seven years ago”. 


November 20th: 1461 – Astronomer Regiomontanus returns with Cardinal Basilios Bessarion to his house in Rome, home to one of the largest libraries in Europe.


November 21st: 1794 – Honolulu Harbor discovered.


November 22nd: 1995 – “Toy Story”, the first feature-length film created completely using computer-generated imagery, directed by John Lasseter and starring Tom Hanks and Tim Allen, is released. 



November 23rd: 1783 – Annapolis, Maryland, became the US capital (until June 1784). 


November 24th: 1877 – Anna Sewell published Black Beauty. 


November 25th: 1914 – American Baseball player Joe DiMaggio was born. 


November 26th: 1789 – First national Thanksgiving in America.


November 27th: 2013 – Frozen, the highest-grossing animated film of all time, starring Idnia Menzel and Kristen Bell, is released. 


November 28th: 1878 – Whistler v. Ruskin, the most famous trial in art history, ends with artist James McNeill Whistler awarded a token farthing in compensation after suing the writer and critic John Ruskin for libel, seeking £1,000 damages.


November 29th: 1877 – US inventor Thomas Edison demonstrates his hand-cranked phonograph for the first time. 


November 30th: 2017 – World’s longest recorded rainbow that was 8 hrs 58 min in Taipei’s Yangmingshan mountain range.