History of the Month March

Mark Rokhlenko, Editor In Chief

March 1st: In 1961, President John F. Kennedy established the Peace Corps, an organization sending young American volunteers to developing countries to assist with basic human needs.

March 2nd: In 1943, the Battle of Bismarck began between the US and Japan, in which 8 transports carrying 7,000 Japanese troops were sunk.

March 3rd: In 1931, the Star Spangled Banner became the official US anthem.

March 4th: In 1789, the first meeting of the new Congress under the new U.S. Constitution took place in New York City.

March 5th: In 1946, The “Iron Curtain” speech was delivered by Winston Churchill.

March 6th: In 1475, renaissance genius Michelangelo was born in Caprese, Italy.

March 7th: In 1936, Adolf Hitler ordered troops to march into the Rhineland, violating the Versailles Treaty.

March 8th: In 1874, the 13th President of the United States Millard Fillmore died.

March 9th: In 1864, Ulysses S. Grant was commissioned as a Lieutenant General and became commander of the Union armies.

March 10th: In 1862, the first issue of U.S. government paper money occurred as $5, $10 and $20 bills began circulation.

March 11th: In 1918, the ‘Spanish’ influenza first reached America as 107 soldiers became sick at Fort Riley, Kansas. 

March 12th: In 1938, Nazis invaded Austria, then absorbed the country into Hitler’s Reich.

March 13th: In 1943, a plot to kill Hitler by German army officers failed as a bomb planted aboard his plane failed to explode due to a faulty detonator.

March 14th: In 1879, Albert Einstein was born in Ulm, Germany.

March 15th: In 44 B.C.E., Julias Caesar was assassinated.

March 16th: In 1968, New York Senator Robert Kennedy announced his intention to run for the Democratic presidential nomination.

March 17th: In 1776, the British completed their evacuation of Boston after Revolutionary forces lay siege to it. 

March 18th: In 1974, the five-month-old Arab oil embargo against the U.S. was lifted. 

March 19th: In 2003, the United States launched an attack against Iraq to topple dictator Saddam Hussein from power.

March 20th: In 1995, a nerve gas attack occurred on the Tokyo subway system during rush hour resulting in 12 persons killed and 5,000 injured. 

March 21st: In 1943, Aasuicide/assassination plot by German Army officers against Hitler failed as the conspirators were unable to locate a short fuse for the bomb which was to be carried in the coat pocket of General von Gersdorff to ceremonies Hitler was attending.

March 22nd: In 1972, the Equal Rights Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was passed by the U.S. Senate.

March 23rd: In 1775, Patrick Henry ignited the American Revolution with a speech before the Virginia convention in Richmond, stating, “I know not what course others may take; but as for me, give me liberty, or give me death!”

March 24th: In 1874, Harry Houdini was born (as Erik Weisz) in Budapest, Hungary. 

March 25th: In 1807, the British Parliament abolished the slave trade following a long campaign against it by Quakers and others.

March 26th: In 1992, Soviet Cosmonaut Serge Krikalev returned to a new country (Russia) after spending 313 days on board the Mir Space Station. During his stay in space, the USSR collapsed, which is why he was in space for so long. 

March 27th: In 1977, the worst accident in the history of civil aviation occurred as two Boeing 747 jets collided on the ground in the Canary Islands, resulting in 570 deaths.

March 28th: In 1979, America’s worst commercial nuclear accident occurred.

March 29th: In 1979, In the U.S. Congress, the House Select Committee on Assassinations released its final report regarding the killings of John F. Kennedy, Martin Luther King, and Robert Kennedy.

March 30th: In 1981, newly elected President Ronald Reagan was shot in the chest while walking toward his limousine.

March 31st: In 1968, President Lyndon Johnson made a surprise announcement that he would not seek re-election as a result of the Vietnam conflict.