History of the Month – February

Mark Rokhlenko, Editor In Chief

February 1st: In 2003, the Space Shuttle Columbia broke apart in flight over west Texas, killing all seven crew members. 

February 2nd: In 1848, the war between the U.S. and Mexico ended with the U.S. acquiring the areas encompassing parts or all of present day California, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, Wyoming, and Texas.

February 3rd: In 1870, the 15th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified, guaranteeing the right of citizens to vote, regardless of race or color.

February 4th: In 1902, Aviation pioneer Charles Lindbergh was born in Detroit, Michigan.

February 5th: In 1649, Charles II was crowned King of England and Scotland.

February 6th: In 1788 Massachusetts became the sixth state to ratify the new U.S. Constitution

February 7th: In 1812, English writer Charles Dickens was born in Portsmouth, England.

February 8th: In 1910, The Boy Scouts of America were founded by William Boyce in Washington, D.C.

February 9th: In 1773, William Henry Harrisson was born in Berkeley, Virginia. He would later become the 9th president of the United States but only served 32 days as pneumonia killed him shortly after taking office.

February 10th: In 1967, the 25th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified, clarifying the procedures for presidential succession in the event of the disability of a sitting president.

February 11th: In 1929, Italian dictator Benito Mussolini granted political independence to Vatican City and recognized the sovereignty of the Pope over the area, measuring about 110 acres.

February 12th: In 1809, Abraham Lincoln was born in Hodgenville, Kentucky.

February 13th: In 1945, British and American planes began massive bombing raids on Dresden, Germany. A four-day firestorm erupted that was visible for 200 miles and engulfed the historic old city, killing an estimated 135,000 German civilians.

February 14th: In 1849, photographer Mathew Brady took the first photograph of a U.S. President in office, James Polk.

Febuary 15th: In 1933, an assassination was attempted on newly elected U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt occurred in Miami, Florida. A spectator deflected the gunman’s aim. As a result, Chicago Mayor Anton Cermak was shot and killed instead. The gunman, an Italian immigrant, was captured and later sentenced to death.

February 16th: In 1838, Kentucky passes law permitting women to attend school under conditions

February 17th: Internment of Japanese Americans began after President Franklin Roosevelt issued an Executive Order requiring those living on the Pacific coast to report for relocation. 

February 18th: In 1962, Astronaut John Glenn became the first American launched into orbit. 

Febuary 19th: In 1965, Former Black Muslim leader Malcolm X was shot and killed while delivering a speech in a ballroom in New York City.

February 20th: In 1732, George Washington, first president of the United States was born in Westmoreland County, Virginia.

February 21st: In 1972, President Richard Nixon arrived in China for historic meetings with Chairman Mao Tse-tung and Premier Chou En-lai.

February 22nd: In 1956, February 22, 1956 – In Montgomery, Alabama, 80 participants in the three-month-old bus boycott voluntarily gave themselves up for arrest after an ultimatum from white city leaders. Martin Luther King and Rosa Parks were among those arrested. 

February 23rd: In 1942, During World War II, the first attack on the U.S. mainland occurred as a Japanese submarine shelled an oil refinery near Santa Barbara, California, causing minor damage.

February 24th: In 1867, The House of Representatives voted to impeach President Andrew Johnson.

February 25th: In 1910, Millicent Fenwick was born in New York City. She championed liberal causes, serving as a member of the U.N. General Assembly and as a U.S. Congresswoman.

February 26th: In 1848, the Communist Manifesto pamphlet was published by two young socialists, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. 

February 27th: In 1950, the 22nd Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified, limiting the president to two terms or a maximum of ten years in office.

February 28th: In 1986, Swedish Prime Minister Olof Palme was assassinated in Stockholm while exiting a movie theater with his wife.


Sources: https://www.historyplace.com/specials/calendar/february.htm